Copenhagen (AFP) - As Denmark commemorates the heroic rescue of the vast majority of its Jewish population during World War II, the country faces thorny questions over its relationship with Nazi Germany.
The flight of more than 7,000 Danish Jews -- around 95 percent of the total -- to safety in neighbouring Sweden in 1943 is an inspirational story from an otherwise dark chapter in Europe's history.
It has been said that King Christian X wore the Star of David in sympathy with Jews as he rode through the streets of Copenhagen, but that is a myth -- Danish Jews never had to wear the yellow badge.
However, the grassroots campaign to help them to safety starting in the early hours of October 2, 1943, is still central to Danish self-understanding and the country's image abroad as an open and tolerant country.
Reflecting the centrality of the event, the 70th anniversary will be marked Wednesday with commemorations including a special performance at the Royal Theatre attended by Queen Margrethe II.
For three years after the Nazi invasion in 1940, Denmark's coalition government was allowed to rule with a degree of independence in exchange for cooperating with the occupiers.
Denmark was allowed to hold democratic elections, for example, and the civil courts continued to function.